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侯贤灯

侯贤灯

侯贤灯 教授

联系电话
Email:houxiandeng@yahoo.com.cn; houxd@scu.edu.cn
电话:(028) 8541 5695;(028) 8547 0818;(028) 8540 5823


教育与工作经历
成都理工大学学士、硕士学位(1984, 1987)
美国康涅狄格大学(University of Connecticut)博士学位(1999)
美国韦克福理斯特大学(Wake Forest University)博士后(1999-2001)
四川大学分析化学教授(2001-)
四川大学分析化学、环境科学专业 博士生导师(2003-)
四川大学化学学院 副院长(2003-2005)
四川大学分析测试中心 主任(2005-)
四川大学985学科建设平台学术带头人(2005-)

 

研究生招生专业
分析化学(博士、硕士、博士后)
(1) 光谱分析
环境科学(博士、硕士)
(2) 环境分析与监测


主要研究方向

(1) 光谱分析
(2) 小型化分析仪器
(3) 环境分析与监测
(4) 绿色分析技术

 

主要学术兼职和荣誉
1.Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry (Royal Society of Chemistry, UK) 国际顾问编委(2006-)
2.Spectroscopy Letters (Published by Taylor & Francis Group, USA) 副主编(2003-)
3.Microchemical Journal (Elsevier) 编委(2007-)
4.化学类中文核心期刊《分析科学学报》编委(2007-)
5.《中国测试技术》编委(2006-)
6.化学类中文核心期刊《化学研究与应用》副主编 (2002-)
7.四川省分析测试学会原子光谱分析专业委员会副主任委员(2002-);主任委员(2007-)
8.四川省学术与技术带头人(2005-)
9.教育部新世纪优秀人才(2004)
10.中国分析测试学会科学技术奖一等奖(2006)
11.中文核心学术刊物编委: 《分析化学》(SCI收录)、《化学研究与应用》、《分析科学学报》、
 《中国测试》、 《中国无机分析化学》
12.国际学术刊物编委: Spectroscopy Letters,Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,
 Microchemical Journal, Applied Spectroscopy Reviews
13.中国分析测试学会 理事; 教育部高校分析测试中心主任理事会 理事;
 发光与实时分析教育部重点实验室(西南大学)学术委员会委员;
 卷烟减害降焦四川省重点实验室(川渝中烟)学术委员会委员;
 川渝中烟工业公司科学技术委员会外聘专家委员; 四川省高科技产业化协会常务理事;
 四川省分析测试学会光谱分析专业委员会 主任委员

 

主持的科研项目
1.中国石油天然气股份有限公司:输油管道内腐蚀沉积物分析方法及腐蚀机理研究,2005-2007
2.教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划:绿色分析化学,2005-2007
3.国家自然科学基金:水溶液中直接化学原子化方法的研究,2004-2006
4.教育部博士点基金:化学蒸气发生-小型化原子光谱分析法研究,2004-2006
5.教育部重点项目:烟尘、烟气中汞总量的在线监测系统的研制,2004-2006
6.基于(纳米)固体表面化学的光谱分析方法学研究,2009-2012,国家自然科学基金重点项目,200万元。
7.五粮液质量检测中心检测项目、仪器及实验室设计,2010-2011,宜宾五粮液股份有限公司,88万元。

 

近年代表性论文

Ⅰ. New Chemiluminescence Techniques 
1. Dielectric barrier discharge-induced chemiluminence: potential application as GC detector, Yihua He,Yi Lv, Yaming Li, Huarong Tang, Xi Wu, and Xiandeng Hou,*  Anal. Chem. , 2007,79 (11), in press.
 
Ⅱ. Chemical Vapor Generation(化学蒸气发生与原子荧光分析)

2. Sample matrix-assisted photo-induced chemical vapor generation: a reagent free green analytical method for ultrasensitive detection of mercury in wine or liquor samples, Y. Li, C. B. Zheng, Q. Ma, L. Wu, C. W. Hu and X. D. Hou,* JAAS, 2006, 21 (1), 82-82. 
A new and unique photo-induced mercury cold/chemical vapor generation (PI-CVG), which directly uses sample matrix as a reductant, was proposed for atomic fluorescence spectrometric detection of trace mercury in wine or liquor samples. It features high sensitivity, simplicity, rapidness, freedom of reagent, cost-effectiveness, and environmental cleanness.

3. Photo-induced chemical vapor generation with formic acid for ultrasensitive atomic fluorescence spectrometric determination of mercury: potential application to mercury speciation in water,C. B. Zheng, Y. Li, Y. H. He, Q. Ma and X. D. Hou,* JAAS, 2005, 20 (8), 746-750.
This is a simple, fast, green, highly selective, and ultrasensitive yet inexpensive method for the determination of Hg2+ and MeHg without chromatographic separation. Simple Hg2+ standard series can be used for the calibration of both Hg2+ and MeHg, eliminating the use of more toxic and more expensive MeHg standard solutions.

4. Chemical vapor generation by reaction of cadmium with potassium tetrahydroborate and sodium iodate in acidic aqueous solution for atomic fluorescence spectrometric application, G. Li, L. Wu, J. J. Xin and X. D. Hou,* JAAS, 2004, 19 (10), 1010-1013.
The efficiency for the generation of cadmium-containing vapor was greatly improved when halogenate, i.e., NaBrO3 or NaIO3, was added to the traditional chemical vapor generation system of KBH4 (or NaBH4)–Cd2+–HCl in aqueous solution. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the limit of detection for cadmium was found to be 10 pg mL-1.

 

 Ⅲ. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry(原子吸收分析)

5. Direct detection of mercury in vapor and aerosol from chemical atomization and nebulization at ambient temperature: exploiting the flame atomic absorption spectrometer, Q. J. Yang, Q. Tan, K. Z. Zhou, K. L.i Xu and X. D. Hou,* JAAS, 2005, 20 (8), 760-762.
A Y-shaped connector was designed to branch the capillary of a flame atomic absorption spectrometer for introducing Hg2+ and KBH4 solutions, which were merged inside the connector before being nebulized into an aerosol by air. The atomic absorption of mercury in the cold vapor and the aerosol phases was directly measured without gas–liquid separation nor a flame.

 6. Compact flame atomic absorption spectrometer based on handheld CCD for simultaneous determination of calcium and magnesium in water,C. B. Zheng, Y. H. He, S. Y. Wei and X. D. Hou,* JAAS, 2005, 20 (1), 60-62.
A compact flame atomic absorption spectrometer was constructed to carry out simultaneous determination of calcium and magnesium in water, by use of a handheld CCD spectrometer as the detector and a calcium and magnesium multielement hollow cathode lamp as the light source.

 

 Ⅳ. Tungsten Coil in Atomic Spectrometry(钨丝与原子光谱分析)

7. Determination of selenium by tungsten coil atomic absorption spectrometry using iridium as a permanent chemical modifier, X. D. Hou, Z. Yang and B. T. Jones,* Spectrochim. Acta Part B., 2001, 56 (2), 203-214.
Thermally coated iridium on the atomizer was used as a permanent chemical modifier in the determination of selenium by tungsten-coil atomic absorption spectrometry. The advantages include higher pyrolysis temperature, longer coil lifetime, improved sensitivity and linearity, and tolerance to higher concentration of nitric acid.

 8. Tungsten coil device in atomic absorption, laser excited atomic fluorescence, and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, X. D. Hou, K. E. Levine, A. Salido, B. T. Jones,* M. Ezer, S. Elwood and J. B. Simeonsson, Anal. Sci., 2001, 17 (1), 175-180.
Tungsten coil devices were used as atomizers for W-coil AAS and laser excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry (W-coil LEAFS), and electrothermal vaporization ICP-AES. Limits of detection for Cd by W-coil AAS was 10 pg, and for As, Se, Cr, Sb and Pb by W-coil LEAFS were 0.95, 0.32, 1.4, 0.33 and 0.16 pg, respectively. In the work of ICP-AES, thermal separation of Pb with interference elements Al, Mn, and Fe was demonstrated.

 

Ⅴ. Nano-material in Spectral Analysis(纳米材料与光谱分析)

9. Size dependent resonance light scattering from ZnO nanoparticles size-tuned by calcination temperature and dispersed in aqueous solution, J. Ye et al., submitted.
The resonant light scattering of the ZnO nanoparticles dispersed in aqueous solution was in proportion to the ZnO concentration, while the cubic root of the intensity was proportional to the size of ZnO nanoparticles. This can be used to establish a simple alternative method to monitor the concentration or size of ZnO nanoparticles suspended in aqueous samples.

10. Nano-TiO2 enhanced photo-induced chemical vapor generation with low molecular weight alcohol, aldehyde or carboxylic acid: potential applications in determination and disposal of mercury, C. F. Han et al., submitted.
With UV irradiation, Hg2+ in aqueous solution can be converted into Hg0 cold vapor by low molecular weight alcohols, aldehydes or carboxylic acids, i.e., methanol, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, glycol, 1,2-propanediol, glycerol, acetic acid, oxalic acid or malonic acid. It was found that the presence of nano-TiO2 improved the efficiency of the photo-induced chemical/cold vapor generation.

 

Ⅵ. Liquid drop in Spectral Analysis(液滴与光谱分析)

11. On-line spectrophotometric system based on pseudo liquid drop and handheld CCD spectrometer for monitoring formaldehyde level in wastewater, Z. D. Zhou, G. P. Zhong, Q. Tan, Y. Li, and X. D. Hou,* Instru. Sci. Tech., 2005, 33 (3), 297–307.
An on-line spectrophotometric system, based on a handheld CCD spectrometer and a prolonged pseudo liquid drop, was constructed for monitoring formaldehyde in wastewater. The liquid drop was used as an optical cell to solve the problems of colored species stained onto a traditional optical cell and short optical path of a traditional liquid drop.

 12. Automation of liquid-liquid extraction-spectrophotometry using prolonged liquid drops and handheld CCD for speciation of Cr (Ⅵ) and Cr (Ⅲ) in water samples, W. Chen, G. P. Zhong, Z. D. Zhou, P. Wu, X. D. Hou,* Anal. Sci., 2005, 21 (10), 1189-1193.
A simple spectrophotometric system, based on a handheld CCD spectrometer and a prolonged pseudo liquid drop, was constructed for automatic liquid-liquid extraction and spectrophotometric speciation analysis of Cr (Ⅵ) and Cr (Ⅲ). It was sensitive, yet simple, labor-effective, and cost-effective.

 

Ⅶ. Lasers in Analytical Atomic Spectrometry(激光光谱分析)

13. Resonant laser ablation of metals detected by atomic emission in a microwave plasma and by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, D. Cleveland, P. Stchur, X. D. Hou, K. X. Yang, J. X. Zhou and R. G. Michel,* Appl. Spectrosc., 2005, 59 (12), 1427-1444.
For a pulsed tunable nanosecond OPO laser, this feature article illustrates the resonant enhancement effect in pure copper and aluminum samples, chromium oxide thin films, and for trace molybdenum in stainless steel samples. The effect was found to be virtually identical whether the atoms were detected by MIP-AES, ICP-MS, or by observation of the number of laser pulses required to penetrate through thin films. Resonant laser ablation as a method of selective vaporization, appears to provide an opportunity to exploit selective vaporization in new ways.

14. Characterization of a optical parametric oscillator laser system for multi-element flame laser excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry of cobalt, copper, lead, manganese, and thallium in Buffalo river sediment, J. X. Zhou, X. D. Hou, K. X. Yang, S.-J. J. Tsai and R. G. Michel,* Anal. Chem., 1997, 69(4), 490-499.
A pulsed (10 Hz) optical parametric oscillator (OPO) laser was characterized for use in flame atomization laser excited atomic fluorescence spectrometric instrumentation for which rapid, sequential, multielement analysis was demonstrated by slew scan of the laser. Comparable or better limits of detection over literature values were obtained for Co, Cu, Pb, Mn, and Tl.